Law of Investment Guarantees and Incentives No. 8 of 1997 (which cancelled Law No. 230 of 1989) is a mixture of incentives, customs exemptions beside other many guarantees and means to protect investors. Investment Law No. 8 of 1997 and Companies Law No. 159 of 1981 and their amendments are two key laws that regulate the investment environment in Egypt.

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The provisions of the law hereto are applicable on Shareholder Companies, Joint Stock Companies with Shares and Limited Liability Companies. It cancels Law No. 26 of year 1954 regarding certain provisions related to Joint Stock Companies and Limited Liability Companies. It cancels both Law No. 244 of the Year 1960 related to mergers of Joint Stock Companies and Law No.137 of the Year 1961 concerning the formation of Board of Directors (BODs) of Joint Stock Companies. It also canceled any provision that contradicts with the provisions of Law No. 159 and its Executive Regulations.

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The Egyptian Parliament approved the Special Economic Zones (SEZ) Law No. 83 of 2002 in May 2002, which allowed the establishment of special zones for industrial, agricultural or service activities that are dedicated to the export markets. The law allows firms operating in these zones to import fixed assets and equipment, raw materials and intermediate goods duty free. Companies established in the new zones are subject to lower corporate taxes and are exempt from sales and indirect taxes. They also operate under more flexible labor regulations and enjoy other incentives. The executive regulations of the law were issued in September 2002. Currently, there is one Special Economic Zone operating in the Northwest Gulf of Suez managed by the General Authority for the Special Economic Zone in the Northwest of Suez Gulf.

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Micro-finance is offering finance for economic productivity, service, and commercial purposes with the value set by Egyptian Financial Supervisory Authority's (EFSA)’s Board of Directors. On 13 November 2014, Presidential Decree No.141 of 2014 on regulating microfinance activities was published in the Egyptian Gazette, which regulates micro-finance activities.

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In May 2002, the Egyptian Parliament approved the Protection of Intellectual Property Rights Law No. 82 of 2002. It aims to make the Egyptian legal system related to intellectual property rights in compliance with Egypt's commitments stipulated in the Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS). The Law aims to protect property rights to create a suitable environment that encourages innovation and enhances foreign direct investment. The new law consists of 205 articles unifying and controlling the current laws on intellectual property rights. It includes four sections: trademarks; copyrights; patents and plant varieties.

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The Egyptian labor market is regulated by the New Unified Labor Law No. 12 of 2003. The new law targets increasing private sector involvement and as well as achieving a balance between employees' and employers' rights.

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Law No.4 provides for the creation of an agency for the protectin and promotion of the environment, the Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency (EEAA).The EEAA Formulates general policy and prepares the necessary plans for the protection and promotion of the environment.It also follows up on the implementation of such plans.

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Mineral Resources Law No. 198 of the Year 2014 applies to mineral wealth, raw materials of mines, quarries and salt panes. The law applies as well to nuclear materials and radioactive isotopes.

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The New Income Tax Law No. 91 of 2005 added fundamental amendments to the previous regulations related to income tax in Egypt.

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The new Investment Law aims at increasing the percentage of local product, raising the level of competition and fighting monopoly. It gives exceptional incentives for labor-intensive projects and geographical areas that are most in need of development, as well as for small enterprises, especially youth projects, women, entrepreneurs and emerging projects. The Law specifies a set period of time for the services provided by the investment services center stipulated in the Law and grants powers to the administrative bodies represented in the service center to expedite decision making, pass approvals and activate the one-stop-shop service.
 
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